Credit cards have been growing increasingly popular all over the world. Cards reduce the hassle of carrying around heavy wallets filled with cash or dealing with annoying change. They can also earn some nice awards like miles and cashback.
In most like Singapore and Korea where infrastructure to take and process non-cash transactions are prevalent, credit cards have penetrated very well over the years. Here at ValuePenguin, we wanted to find out if consumers in different countries have similar behaviour patterns in terms of their credit card usage. Do they have a similar number of credit cards, and do they spend similar amounts?
collected some data on major developed economies in Asia (Singapore, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Australia and Hong Kong + US and UK for comparison), and discuss some of the findings below.
Most Countries Have 1 to 2 Credit Cards Per Capita
Generally, most countries had a credit card density of 1 to 2 cards per capita. Singapore was right in the middle of our sample countries, with its citizens typically holding about 1.7 cards. The lowest was Australia, at only 0.7 cards per capita. This was somewhat surprising given the country’s reputation for having a high household debt to GDP ratio of 120%.
The highest in our sample was Hong Kong, at 2.5 cards per person, which was still lower than 3 card per person in the US. There may be a few possible reasons for the variation. On one hand, it could be that there are more rewards credit card offers in Hong Kong than in countries like Australia. Therefore, Hong Kong’ers may have stronger incentives to utilize credit cards aggressively than Australians.
On the other hand, the difference in interest rates could also explain the difference. Interest rates in HK are essentially at zero, so consumers have more incentives to spend money, while higher interest rates in Australia (a 10-year Australian government bond carries 4.25% yield) provides more incentives to save.
People in Taiwan and Singapore Have the Least Amount of Credit Card Debt
Though a number of credit cards per person did not vary immensely between countries, the amount of unpaid credit card debt per person did. Taiwan and Singapore took the top spots for being the most conservative in credit card usage, with outstanding credit card debt per capita standing at just $130 per person and $733 per person respectively.
In stark contrast, people in Korea and Hong Kong generally carried $1,200 per person and $1,980 per person of unpaid credit card debt, more than 2–3x the amount Singaporeans typically hold.
Any Relations to High Exchange Fee?
That Taiwan and Singapore have the lowest per capita credit card loan was not very surprising: household debt to GDP ratio is also the lowest for these countries among our sample states. However, Singaporeans may be losing out by not using their credit cards even more.
As we wrote in “How Credit Card Rewards Compare: Singapore vs the USA,” high interchange fee in Singapore is used to offer high rewards rate to cardholders. Even for non-card users, prices at stores are generally inflated because they already embed the card processing fees. Therefore, Singaporeans should try to pay for things with their rewards credit cards as much as possible to make up for the higher card transaction fee.
In this sense, Singaporeans may have a thing or two to learn from their counterparts in Korea and Hong Kong. However, we don’t recommend going overboard with credit card usage, and you should make sure to spend within your means and to pay your card bills in full at the end of the month.